Parental relationship regarding dental and oral health with dental caries for mentally retarded children (at SLB Karya Bhakti 2022)
Keywords:Knowledge, Dental Caries, Parents, Mentally Retarded Children
Background : Dental caries is damage to the hard tissues of the teeth caused by acids
present in carbohydrates through the intermediary of microorganisms in saliva. The
prevalence of dental caries in mentally retarded children is categorized as quite high,
because mentally retarded children have different mental, emotional and physical
limitations compared to normal children, so mentally retarded children need help from their
families and caregivers in maintaining personal hygiene, especially dental and oral hygiene.
Objetive : the purpose to determine the relationship between parental knowledge about
dental and oral health with the occurrence of dental caries in mentally retarded children at
SLB Karya Bahkti.
Method : used is data collection by means of examination and questionnaires. This type of
research is a cross sectional research. The respondents in this study were 28 parents and 28
children with mental retardation. The analysis technique used in this research is statistical
test if the data is normally distributed using the Pearson correlation test, but if the data is
not normally distributed then use the Spearman correlation test.
Results : of the study were 0.231 > 0.05. This shows that there is no significant relationship
between parental knowledge about dental and oral health and the occurrence of dental
caries in mentally retarded children at SLB Karya Bhakti in 2022.
Conclusion : is that there is no relationship between parental knowledge about oral health
and dental caries in mentally retarded children.